“Shylock is the loser anyway” An essay by : Muslim Mohd. Al-Mamouri and Dhafar Bassim Ali

Adding Date: 20/09/2020
Views: 107
Published by: Al-Mustaqbal College Administration
I don’t think that a play written before or after Shakespeare was the most sincere expression of the Jewish model of the character of Shylock . Although Marlow play preceded him to author (a Jew of Malta) on a person called (Bara Bass), Marlowe is more resentful and prejudiced against the Jew, which reduced From the influence and persuasion of his play later. As for Shakespeare, there is no doubt that although he was influenced quite a bit by Marlowe, with his skill in portraying the characters, Shylock's body was very delicate , deep, he was not biased towards the Christian nobles and merchants of Venice. Although Shylock's daughter escapes like Barra Bass's daughter with Christian, the financial drive behind Lorenzo's love for her is not absent from view .

Shakespeare was able to gain immortality for his play, because he did not show anti-Semitism - which is the favorite accusation of Jews today against their opponents, but he presented the character of the Jewish moneylender as unjust and oppressive at the same time. There is no doubt that Shylock in the end is condemned, and very condemned. But the portrayal of his complete alienation from Venice society, and the insults that Antonio and his companions used to direct to him in cursing or spitting, give him some justification, which made the play stand through the ages, despite the great control of the Jews on the circles of theater in the world. Rather, the play was staged in the occupied territories. Despite this, many fanatical Jews - Zionists of course in particular still see this play as the most dangerous stab at them, because it is realistic in its portrayal of the characters, and convincing in its condemnation of Shylock. And here is director John Barton, when he directed the play for the royal Shakespeare troupe, despite his neutrality and the quality and objectivity of the show, he raised a wave of Jewish opposition that he recorded on the show's program with his response and the comments of many other critics, who praised the spirit in his interpretation of Shakespeare's text.

The character of Shylock has been presented in a different way through the ages, and has evolved from the image of a beast in the skin of a human being to an exaggerated comic character to a very human character. When I read the show program, it seemed to me that Parton was going to dress Shylock as the poor shy, and that he was not spared the accusations of the hard-line Zionists.But this was not the case. The presentation was excellent, with a balanced interpretation. The play is going in a plot that must put Shylock in the position of the blame and the condemned, for whatever the degree of insults he was subjected to, but mercy is the most prominent characteristic of humanity, and that these insults do not allow the killing of a human soul with cold nerves, just as Shylock almost did by trying to extract a pound of flesh whoever issued Antony in execution of the contract signed between them.

The other central theme of the play, which sounds like children's stories, is the issue of the marriage of the beautiful heir Buricia to the man who chooses the right one from the three funds, in implementation of her father's will. It is a topic that Shakespeare seems to have drawn from an Italian story from the late fourteenth century, or from another Roman story in which he asks the king's daughter to choose between three vessels to obtain the hand of the son of the Emperor of Rome. In the aforementioned Italian story, the young lover's choice of the right box seems more reasonable, as one of the female attendants reveals to him the secret of the drug-containing wine that made him fail twice before. As for Shakespeare's play, there is a difference between, and Basanio - who comes third after two French and Moroccan suitors, one of whom chooses the golden box and the other the silver box - he chooses without anyone's help, and on his heart's guidance only the lead box that contains the image of Borisia but the sentiments and good prayers of the beautiful heiress and her maidservants sympathize with (Basanio) with inspiring warmth. If such a topic is a little misrepresented, it will collapse. It's like a fairy tale, if you don't tell it well, you'd better be silent. But Sinead Cusack's brilliant performance as Burecia, and Jonathan Hyde's calm, controlled performance as Bassanio, made the right box selection scene beautiful and interesting with our knowledge of the story. Good presentation and honesty in acting give us a unique fresh pleasure, no matter how strong our knowledge of the topic is. Senyad Cusack looks as if she was created to be a Portia, she is the beautiful, gentle female who wishes for a handsome husband that she tends to and gives him her wealth and beauty, and is afraid that her late father's game will disappoint , it is in fact a ridiculous game and become a Moroccan or French fortune.

At other times, it is the smart woman who can stop Shylock at his own, disguised as a doctor in law, and can even impose harsh punishments on him. The talented actress maintained a balance and complementarity in her personality between femininity, love and intelligence, then fun and humor.As for Antonio, we did not notice from his performance, but from the course of the events of the play only, the extent of his love for Basanio, but we noticed Bassanio's love for him more. The relationship between them, which in my opinion is close to homosexual orientation - seemed somewhat fragile due to the fragility of Antonio's expression until the scene of the trial. Here, too, the man was facing his expected death with much coldness.
Perhaps there was a hidden intention by the director in this highlight of the role of Shylock, which he performed with persuasion, accuracy and balance of David Suchet, (the mighty actor who later played a role on television as Detective Hercole Poirot in the Agatha Christie series) We laughed at him, and we hated him, and our heir to him, We cursed it. I am fair to Sushet Shylock that he has never exaggerated his shortcomings. However, he did not distort the character drawn by Shakespeare. He was truly an image that could be stripped of the lost and disappointed Jew, despite his extreme self-confidence and eagerness. But I absolutely didn’t understand why director Barton made his actresses walk barefoot almost the entire length of the show, when it was possible, and when it was impossible!

In general, the Royal Shakespeare Company's performance of the play (The Merchant of Venice) was a very good performance, it could not be accused of anti-Semitism, but it showed as originally intended, that Shylock is a stranger to the surrounding society, and who was undoubtedly exposed as a result of his misgivings and his insults in collecting money Cruel, he is a loser Jew in the end, so that his daughter could not stay under the roof of his house, so she ran away with her lover from another religion. Shylock in self-awareness - which is another hidden meaning that Shakespeare philosophizes - consecrates his alienation by himself, and when the punishment begins, his servant and then his daughter run away, he is not deterred, so his last punishment on Buricia will be harsh, but very harsh, as his money remaining after the confiscations will revert to his fugitive daughter after his death. Jessica and her Christian husband Lorenzo. Thus, Shylock withdraws worn out from the square, murmuring: (I feel I'm not well.)